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Spatial Informatics Faculty - Carol Bult

Contact Information

Carol Bult

(207) 581-2143

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5711 Boardman Hall
Orono, ME 04469

Research interests

Dr. Carol Bult is a Research Scientist/Project Manager at the National Center for Geographic Information and Analysis (NCGIA). She is working in collaboration with Drs. Kate Beard and Max Egenhofer on developing the conceptual basis of Spatial Genomics and implementing a Genome Spatial Information System (GenoSIS). Before joining the NCGIA faculty, she was a member of the Research Faculty and the Director of the Molecular Systematics Laboratory at The Institute for Genomic Research (TIGR) in Rockville, Maryland. She also was the Project Director for the Department of Energy’s Methanococcus jannaschii genome sequencing project at TIGR. She is working collaboratively with the Mouse Genome Informatics group at The Jackson Laboratory in Bar Harbor, Maine on several database projects .


  • Krupke DM, Naf D, Vincent MJ, Allio T, Mikaelian I, Sundberg JP, Bult CJ, Eppig JT. 2005. The Mouse Tumor Biology Database: intergrated access to mouse cancer biology data. Exp Lung Res 31(2):259-270.
  • Richardson JE, Kadin JA, Blake JA, Bult CJ, Eppig JT, Ringwald M and the Mouse Genome Informatics Group. 2004. From sipping on a straw to drinking from a fire hose; data integration in a public genome database. Proceedings of the 20th IEEE International Conference on Data Engineering, Boston MA, March 2004, pp795-798.
  • Bult CJ, Kibbe WA, Snoddy J, Vitaterna M, Swanson D, Pretel S, Li Y, Hohman MM, Rinchik E, Takahashi JS, Frankel WN, Goldowitz D. 2004. A genome end – game: understanding gene function n the nervous system. Nat Neurosci 7(5):484-5.
  • Mikaelian I, Nanney LB, Parman KS, Kusewitt DF, Ward JM, Naf D, Krupke DM, Eppig JT, Bult CJ, Seymour R, Ickiki T, Sundberg JP. 2004. Antibodies that label paraffin-embedded mouse tissues: a collaborative endeavor. Toxicol Pathol 32(2): 181-91.
  • Gene Ontology Consortium. 2004. The Gene Ontology(GO) database and informatics resource. Nucleic Acids Res. 1(32).
  • Goldowitz D, Frankel WN, Takahashi JS, Holtz-Vitaterna M, Bult C, Kibbe WA, Snoddy J, Li Y, Pretel S, Yates J, Swanson DJ. 2004. Large -scale mutagenesis of the mouse to understand the genetic base of nervous system structure and function. Molec Brain Res 132:105-115.
  • Evsikov A, Vries WN, Peaston AE, Radford EE, Fancher KS, Chen FH, Blake JA, Bult CJ, Latham KE, Soltor D, Knowles BB. 2004. Systems biology of the 2-cell mouse embryo. Cytogenet Genome Res. 105:240-250.
  • Bult CJ, Blake JA, Richardson JE, Kadin JA, Eppig JT, and the members of The Mouse Genome Database Group. 2004. The Mouse Genome Database(MGD): Integrating biology with the genome. Nucleic Acids REs. 1(32).
  • O’Brien TP, Bult CJ, Cremer C, Grunze M, Knowles BB, Langowski J, McNally J, Pederson T, Politz J, Pombo A, Schmahl G, Spatz JP, vanDriel R. 2003. Genome function and nuclear archiecture: gene expression as nanoscience. Genome Res.13:1029-1041.
  • Blake JA, Richardson JE, Bult CJ, Kadin JA, Eppig JT, and Members of the Mouse Genome Database Group. 2003. MGD: The Mouse Genome Database. Nucleic Acids
  • Bult CJ. 2003. Mice and More. Genome Biol. 4(10):340.
  • Kasukawa T, Furuno M, Nikaido L, Bono H, Hume BA, Bult CJ, Hill DP, Baldardelli R, Gough J, Kanapin A, Matsuda H, Schriml LM, Hayashizaki Y, Olazaki Y, Quackenbush J. 2003. Development and evaluation of an automated annotation pipline and cDNA annotation system. Genome Res. 13(6B):1542-51.
  • Bult CJ. 2002. Data integration standards in model organisms: from genotype to phenotype in the laboratory mouse. Targets/Drug Discovery Today 1:163-168.
  • Dolan M, Holden C, Beard MK, Bult CJ. 2002. GenoSIS: Genome Data Interpretation Using GIS. 2002. Proceedings of the Environmental Systems Research Institute,
  • Mouse Genome Sequencing Consortium and Mouse Genome Analysis Group. 2002. Initial sequencing and comparative analysis of the mouse genome. Nature 420: 520-562.
  • N?f D, Krupke DM, Sundberg JP, Eppig JT, Bult CJ. 2002. The mouse tumor biology database: a public resource for cancer genetics and pathology of the mouse. Cancer Res 62:1235-1240.
  • Peterson KA, King BL, Hagge-Greenberg A, Roix JJ, Bult CJ, and O’Brien TP. 2002. Functional and comparative genomic analysis of the piebald deletion region of mouse chromosome 14. Genomics 80:172-184.
  • The FANTOM Consortium and the RIKEN Genome Exploration Research Group Phase I & II Team. 2002. Analysis of the mouse transcriptome based upon functional annotation of 60,770 full length cDNAs. Nature 420:563-573.
  • Zhu Y, King BL, Parvizi B, Brunks B, Stoeckert C, Quackenbush J, Richardson J, Bult CJ. 2003. Integrating computationally assembled mouse transcript sequences with the Mouse Genome Informatics (MGI) database. Genome Biology 4:R16.

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